Technology and Broadcasting

You are likely to be as familiar, if not more so, with the conventions of broadcasting as you would be with other forms of lanauge use. The following checklist is a series of questions that you can address in an analysis of broadcast language.

Programme Type

  • TV, Radio, Podcast etc
  • What genre is it?
  • What is the purpose?
  • Who are the intended audience
  • Time and place of broadcast
  • Is the tone/register serious, comic etc


  • What is the mode? (spoken, written to be read aloud)
  • What are the relationships between participants? (power, personal)
  • What is the field/subject matter (sports, nature, current affairs etc)


  • Is it an ongoing series or one off show
  • How is the opneing marked (formal greeting, summary, recap)
  • How is the closing marked (cliffhanger, summary, sign-off, catchprase)
  • How is the turn taking organised (adjacency pairs, interruptions, overlaps, digressions)

Topic  Management

  • What is the goal of the programme (information, expose, entertain, provoke comment)
  • Is the topic range broad or narrow?
  • Are there any topic shifts? How are these indicated?

Prosidic Features

  • How is intonation used?
  • How is pitch used?
  • Is stress used?
  • Does volume Change?
  • Does the pace change?
  • How are pauses used?
  • Are any paralinguistic (body language) feautres sued in the transcript?


  • Is it formal or informal?
  • Are there any examples of high frequency lexical items?
  • Are there any idioms (idiomatic lanauge), collocations


  • What is the grammatical structure of utterances (simple, compund, complex)
  • Are minor sentences used?
  • What type of setences are used (interrogatives, imperatives)
  • Are utterances elliptical?

Non Fluency Features

  • Are there any overalps/interuptions?
  • Are there any pauses and hestitations?
  • Are their any false starts, repetitions, repairs?